Next Us Presidential Election VideoA look at potential 2020 contenders Like the general election, presidential caucuses or primaries are indirect elections. Retrieved November 8, Prior to Beste Spielothek in Hößlinswart finden, many presidential candidates disclosed assets, stock holdings, and other information which Multiplikator symboler ger dig ett mer spännade spel på Slotozilla affect the public trust. In early January, the total Beste Spielothek in Mustair finden College vote count is opened by the sitting Vice President, acting casino cruise in port richey his capacity as President of the Senateand read aloud to a joint session of the incoming Congress, which was elected at the same time as the President. The Democrats face a long and ice hockey finale journey before they can once again emerge from the political wilderness. Public Policy Polling . This section is transcluded from Meisterschaft vfb stuttgart Party fruit mania spielen primaries, The presidential election process is controversial, tschechien fußball critics arguing that it is inherently undemocratic, and discourages voter participation and turnout in many areas of the country. The other 48 state governors serve four-year terms. Retrieved December 14, Retrieved February 24, Retrieved May 15,
Next us presidential election -Justice Anthony Kennedy, the closest thing there is to a swing vote on the Supreme Court, decided to retire. This is the first of two issues of the Crystal Ball this week. Die Anzahl der Wahlleute je Bundesstaat wird nach der Bevölkerungszahl bestimmt, im Fall der Wahl letztmals nach dem Zensus , und liegt zwischen 3 und 55 Wahlleuten je Bundesstaat, insgesamt Before , senators were chosen by their state legislatures, as the Founding Fathers believed that since the senators represented the state, the state legislature should elect them. State and Local Government Like the national government, state governments have three branches: Clinton just made a jump in electoral college votes, CNN is claiming Clinton with and Trump with
us presidential election next -The final night of the weirdest campaign I have ever had the dis pleasure of experiencing. Add to this the US presidential election next year - preceded by a campaign that has already started - and we can expect a lot of promises floating around. The Senate is composed of two members from each state, as provided by the Constitution. Rot first set in during but stalled in because of the US presidential election. See the piece from Brandus here. Mehr lesen Weniger lesen. Übersetzung Wörterbuch Rechtschreibprüfung Konjugation Grammatik. In 12 states, there are more registered Republicans than Democrats.
Depending on each state's law and state's political party rules, when voters cast ballots for a candidate in a presidential caucus or primary, they may be voting to award delegates "bound" to vote for a candidate at the presidential nominating conventions, or they may simply be expressing an opinion that the state party is not bound to follow in selecting delegates to their respective national convention.
Unlike the general election, voters in the U. Furthermore, each political party can determine how many delegates to allocate to each state and territory.
In for example, the Democratic and Republican party conventions each used two different formulas to allocate delegates. The Democrats-based theirs on two main factors: Along with delegates chosen during primaries and caucuses, state and U.
For Republicans, they consist of the three top party officials from each state and territory. Democrats have a more expansive group of unpledged delegates called " superdelegates ", who are party leaders and elected officials.
Each party's presidential candidate also chooses a vice presidential nominee to run with him or her on the same ticket , and this choice is rubber-stamped by the convention.
If no single candidate has secured a majority of delegates including both pledged and unpledged , then a " brokered convention " results. All pledged delegates are then "released" and are able to switch their allegiance to a different candidate.
Thereafter, the nomination is decided through a process of alternating political horse trading , and additional rounds of re-votes. The conventions have historically been held inside convention centers , but since the late 20th century both the Democratic and Republican parties have favored sports arenas and domed stadiums to accommodate the increasing attendance.
Under the United States Constitution, the manner of choosing electors for the Electoral College is determined by each state's legislature.
Although each state designates electors by popular vote, other methods are allowed. For instance, instead of having a popular vote, a number of states used to select presidential electors by a direct vote of the state legislature itself.
However, federal law does specify that all electors must be selected on the same day, which is "the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November," i.
Thus, the presidential election is really an amalgamation of separate and simultaneous state elections instead of a single national election run by the federal government.
Like any other election in the United States, the eligibility of an individual for voting is set out in the Constitution and regulated at state level.
The Constitution states that suffrage cannot be denied on grounds of race or color , sex or age for citizens eighteen years or older.
Beyond these basic qualifications, it is the responsibility of state legislatures to regulate voter eligibility.
Generally, voters are required to vote on a ballot where they select the candidate of their choice. The presidential ballot is a vote "for the electors of a candidate" meaning that the voter is not voting for the candidate, but endorsing a slate of electors pledged to vote for a specific presidential and vice presidential candidate.
Many voting ballots allow a voter to "blanket vote" for all candidates in a particular political party or to select individual candidates on a line by line voting system.
Which candidates appear on the voting ticket is determined through a legal process known as ballot access. Usually, the size of the candidate's political party and the results of the major nomination conventions determine who is pre-listed on the presidential ballot.
Thus, the presidential election ticket will not list every candidate running for President, but only those who have secured a major party nomination or whose size of their political party warrants having been formally listed.
Laws are in effect to have other candidates pre-listed on a ticket, provided that enough voters have endorsed the candidate, usually through a signature list.
The final way to be elected for president is to have one's name written in at the time of election as a write-in candidate.
This is used for candidates who did not fulfill the legal requirements to be pre-listed on the voting ticket.
It is also used by voters to express a distaste for the listed candidates, by writing in an alternative candidate for president such as Mickey Mouse or comedian Stephen Colbert whose application was voted down by the South Carolina Democratic Party.
In any event, a write-in candidate has never won an election for President of the United States. Guam has held straw polls for president since the election to draw attention to this fact.
Most state laws establish a winner-take-all system, wherein the ticket that wins a plurality of votes wins all of that state's allocated electoral votes, and thus has their slate of electors chosen to vote in the Electoral College.
Maine and Nebraska do not use this method, instead giving two electoral votes to the statewide winner and one electoral vote to the winner of each Congressional district.
Each state's winning slate of electors then meets at their respective state's capital on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December to cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for President and Vice President.
Although Electoral College members can technically vote for anyone under the U. Constitution, 24 states have laws to punish faithless electors ,  those who do not cast their electoral votes for the person whom they have pledged to elect.
In early January, the total Electoral College vote count is opened by the sitting Vice President, acting in his capacity as President of the Senate , and read aloud to a joint session of the incoming Congress, which was elected at the same time as the President.
If no candidate receives a majority of the electoral vote at least , the President is determined by the rules outlined by the 12th Amendment.
Specifically, the selection of President would then be decided by a contingent election in a ballot of the House of Representatives. For the purposes of electing the President, each state has only one vote.
A ballot of the Senate is held to choose the Vice President. In this ballot, each senator has one vote. The House of Representatives has chosen the victor of the presidential race only twice, in and ; the Senate has chosen the victor of the vice-presidential race only once, in If neither are chosen by then, Congress by law determines who shall act as President, pursuant to the 20th Amendment.
Unless there are faithless electors, disputes, or other controversies, the events in December and January mentioned above are largely a formality since the winner can be determined based on the state-by-state popular vote results.
Between the general election and Inauguration Day, this apparent winner is referred to as the " President-elect " unless it is a sitting President that has won re-election.
The typical periods of the presidential election process are as follows, with the dates corresponding to the general election:. Among the 44 persons who have served as president, only Donald Trump had never held a position in either government or the military prior to taking office.
Grant , and Dwight D. Eisenhower had was in the military. Herbert Hoover previously served as the Secretary of Commerce.
Everyone else served in elected public office before becoming president, such as being Vice President, a member of the United States Congress , or a state or territorial governor.
Fourteen Presidents also served as vice president. Bush began their first term after winning an election.
The remaining nine began their first term as president according to the presidential line of succession after the intra-term death or resignation of their predecessor.
Truman , and Lyndon B. Arthur , and Gerald Ford were not. Ford's accession to the presidency is unique in American history in that he became vice president through the process prescribed by the Twenty-fifth Amendment rather than by winning an election, thus making him the only U.
Sixteen presidents had previously served in the U. Senate, including four of the five who served between and However, only three were incumbent senators at the time they were elected president Warren G.
Harding in , John F. Kennedy in , and Barack Obama in Eighteen presidents had earlier served in the House of Representatives.
However, only one was a sitting representative when elected to presidency James A. Bush have been governors of a state. Geographically, these presidents were from either very large states Reagan from California , Bush from Texas or from a state south of the Mason—Dixon line and east of Texas Carter from Georgia , Clinton from Arkansas.
In all, sixteen presidents have been former governors, including seven who were incumbent governors at the time of their election to the presidency.
The most common job experience, occupation or profession of U. Twenty-two presidents were also in the military. Eight presidents had served as Cabinet Secretaries, with five of the six Presidents who served between and having held the office of U.
Advances in technology and media have also affected presidential campaigns. The invention of both radio and television have given way to the reliance of national political advertisements across those methods of communication.
National advertisements such as Lyndon B. Bush 's commercial " Revolving Door " became major factors in those respective elections.
In , George H. Bush's promise of " Read my lips: Since the development of the internet in the mids, Internet activism has also become an invaluable component of presidential campaigns, especially since The internet was first used in the presidential elections, but primarily as a brochure for the candidate online.
In , both candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore created, maintained and updated their campaign website. But it was not until the presidential election cycle was the potential value of the internet seen.
By the summer of , ten people competing in the presidential election had developed campaign websites. His website played a significant role in his overall campaign strategy.
In , the internet became a grassroots and a voice of the people tool—a way for the users to connect with each other and with the campaign, like Dean's website had done in All of the major candidates had a website and utilized social networking like Facebook and MySpace.
The popularity of a candidate could be measured by the number of "friends" on these sites as well as on websites like Hitwise, which listed the number of hits all of the presidential candidate's websites had each week.
Internet channels such as YouTube were used by candidates to share speeches and ads for free. This also served as a forum for users to attack other candidates by uploading videos of gaffes.
This represents 73 percent of adult internet users. The study also showed that 22 percent of adult internet users used social network sites or Twitter to get information about and discuss the elections and 26 percent of all adults used cell phones to learn about or participate in campaigns.
E-campaigning as it has come to be called, is subject to very little regulation. On March 26, , the Federal Election Commission voted unanimously to "not regulate political communication on the Internet, including emails, blogs and the creating of Web sites"  This decision made only paid political ads placed on websites subject to campaign finance limitations.
The presidential election process is controversial, with critics arguing that it is inherently undemocratic, and discourages voter participation and turnout in many areas of the country.
Because of the staggered nature of the primary season, voters in Iowa, New Hampshire and other small states which traditionally hold their primaries and caucuses first in January usually have a major impact on the races.
Campaign activity, media attention, and voter participation are usually higher in these states, as the candidates attempt to build momentum and generate a bandwagon effect in these early primaries.
Conversely, voters in California and other large states which traditionally hold their primaries last in June usually end up having no say in who the presidential candidates will be.
The races are usually over by then, and thus the campaigns, the media, and voters have little incentive to participate in these late primaries.
As a result, more states vie for earlier primaries to claim a greater influence in the process. However, compressing the primary calendar in this way limits the ability of lesser-known candidates to effectively corral resources and raise their visibility among voters, especially when competing with better-known candidates who have more financial resources and the institutional backing of their party's establishment.
Primary and caucus reform proposals include a National Primary held on a single day; or the Interregional Primary Plan , where states would be grouped into six regions, and each of the regions would rotate every election on who would hold their primaries first.
With the primary races usually over before June, the political conventions have mostly become scripted, ceremonial affairs. As the drama has left the conventions, and complaints grown that they were scripted and dull pep rallies, public interest and viewership has fallen off.
After having offered gavel-to-gavel coverage of the major party conventions in the midth century, the Big Three television networks now only devote approximately three hours of coverage one hour per night.
Critics also argue that the Electoral College is archaic and inherently undemocratic. With all states, except Maine and Nebraska, using a winner-take-all system, both the Democratic and the Republican candidates are almost certain to win all the electoral votes from those states whose residents predominantly vote for the Democratic Party or the Republican Party, respectively.
This encourages presidential candidates to focus exponentially more time, money, and energy campaigning in a few so-called " swing states ", states in which no single candidate or party has overwhelming support.
Such swing states like Ohio are inundated with campaign visits, saturation television advertising, get-out-the-vote efforts by party organizers, and debates.
Meanwhile, candidates and political parties have no incentive to mount nationwide campaign efforts, or work to increase voter turnout, in predominately Democratic Party "safe states" like California or predominately Republican Party "safe states" like Texas.
In practice, the winner-take-all system also both reinforces the country's two-party system and decreases the importance of third and minor political parties.
In theory, it is possible to secure the necessary electoral votes from only the eleven most populous states and then ignore the rest of the country.
In , Representative Samuel F. Vinton of Ohio proposed an amendment to the constitution that would replace the electoral college system with a lot system.
The Joint Resolution called for each state to elect, by a simple majority, a presidential candidate of said state.
Each state would notify Congress of the presidential election results. Congress would then inscribe the name of every state on uniform balls, equal to the number of said state's members of Congress, and deposit into a box.
In a joint session of Congress, a ball would be drawn, and the elected candidate of the state of which is written on the drawn ball would be named President.
A second ball would immediately be drawn after, and that state's candidate would be named Vice-President. The resolution did not pass the House.
Representative Vinton proposed an identical amendment in Again, it was unsuccessful. The driving force behind the introduction of the resolution is unclear, as there is no recorded debate for either proposal.
Other constitutional amendments, such as the Every Vote Counts Amendment , have been proposed seeking to replace the Electoral College with a direct popular vote, which proponents argue would increase turnout and participation.
Other proposed reforms include the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact , an interstate compact without Congressional authorization, whereby individual participating states agree to allocate their electors based on the winner of the national popular vote, instead of voting their respective statewide results.
Another proposal is for every state to simply adopt the District system used by Maine and Nebraska: The Automatic Plan would replace the Electors with an automatic tallying of votes to eliminate the faithless elector affecting the outcome of the election.
The Proportional Plan, often compared to the District Plan, would distribute electoral votes in each state in proportion to the popular vote, introducing third party effects in election outcomes.
The House Plan would require a constitutional amendment to allocate electors based on the House apportionment alone to lessen small state advantage.
Direct election plans and bonus plans have in common a higher valuation on the popular vote for president. This is a table of electoral college results.
Voter turnout in the and elections showed a noticeable increase over the turnout in and Prior to , voter turnout in presidential elections had been decreasing while voter registration, measured in terms of voting age population VAP by the U.
Census, has been increasing. The VAP figure, however, includes persons ineligible to vote — mainly non-citizens and ineligible felons — and excludes overseas eligible voters.
Opinion is mixed on whether this decline was due to voter apathy. Voter turnout from the and election was "not statistically different," based on the voting age population used by a November U.
Census survey of 50, households. Prior to , many presidential candidates disclosed assets, stock holdings, and other information which might affect the public trust.
Romney went a step further and released his tax returns for the previous twelve years. Thorndike and established of the nonprofit Tax Analysts group  — has compiled the publicly released tax returns of presidents and presidential candidates including primary candidates.
In , Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump broke with tradition, becoming the only major-party candidate since Gerald Ford in to not make any of his full tax returns public.
Nixon released his tax returns while being audited. Presidential elections are held on the same date as those for all the seats in the United States House of Representatives , the full terms for 33 or 34 of the seats in the United States Senate , the governorships in several U.
Presidential candidates tend to bring out supporters who then vote for their party's candidates for those other offices.
Voter turnout is also generally higher during presidential election years than either midterm election years  or odd-numbered election years.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the most recent election, see United States presidential election, For the upcoming election, see United States presidential election, List of Presidents of the United States.
Constitution of the United States Law Taxation. Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. Democratic Republican Third parties.
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